Friday, December 5, 2008

Hiking


Hiking is an outdoor activity which consist in walking in natural environments, often on hiking trails.
Hiking is one of the fundamental outdoor activities on which many others are based. Many beautiful places can only be reached overland by hiking, and enthusiasts regard hiking as the best way to see nature. It is seen as better than a tour in a vehicle of any kind (or on an animal; see horseback riding) because the hiker's senses are not intruded upon by distractions such as windows, engine noise, airborne dust and fellow passengers. Hiking over long distances or over difficult terrain does require some degree of physical ability and knowledge.


The word hiking is understood in all English-speaking countries, but there are differences in usage. In some places, off-trail hiking is called 'cross-country hiking', 'bushwhacking', or 'bushbashing'.
Hikers (person who love hiking) often seek beautiful natural environments in which to hike. Ironically, these environments are often fragile: hikers may accidentally destroy the environment that they enjoy. The action of an individual may not strongly affect the environment. However, the mass effect of a large number of hikers can degrade the environment. For example, gathering wood in an alpine area to start a fire may be harmless once (except for wildfire risk). Years of gathering wood, however, can strip an alpine area of valuable nutrients

Hiking equipment is gear or equipment that one takes along on an outdoors hiking trip. While hiking is considered different than backpacking (overnight camping), the equipment is of necessity of a shorter term more practical nature for such a walk.
Hiking equipment may be considered in several categories

1 tems Worn - Things that a hiker wears on the hiking trip. This may include footwear, clothing, head gear, pocket knife, flashlight.
2.Carrying Items - Backpacks, waist packs, walking sticks or staffs, etc.
3.Essential gear - Items that are essential for the hike safety or necessary in potential emergency situations.
4.Food and drink - Food items to consume as snacks, lunch, or in emergencies.
5.Optional Items - Any other items that the hiker desires to bring along including seating pads, chairs, notebooks, hammocks, and sometimes even computers.

One of nice place to hike and trek in Indonesia called Mount Rinjani, Lombok Island Indonesia.
Fact Box

Other names/spellings


Mt. Rinjani

Elevation (feet) =12224

Elevation (meters)= 3726

Location = Lombok, Indonesia, Asia

Latitude= 8ƒ 26' South

Longitude= 116ƒ 28' East

Best Climbing Months= April, May, June, July, August, September, October

Convenient Center's= Senaru, Sembalun Lawang

Nearest Major Airport= mataram, lombok

Volcanic Status= Active

Easiest Summit Route= Walk up

CHARACTERISTICS Mount Rinjani

Mount Rinjani in the forest, including forest types heterogeneous and homogeneous in certain areas.
At the height of 1000 - 2000 mdpl can we find the type of vegetation such as Beringin (Ficus superb), harrows (Dysoxylum sp), Bayur, and residents of the estate planted vegetables such as cabbage, chili, onion, potato also. vegetation is the dominant Mountain pine (Casuarina junghuniana). At the height of up to 3,000 mdpl there are only a type of grass and flowers immortal (edelweiss). One ecosystem Mount Rinjani is the Segara Anak Lake, which formed in volcanic eruption of Mount Rinjani as a result. Lake is located at a height of 2,800 mdpl, rich fish fauna and flora other. Property lake is often exploited by local residents by taking fish. However, one should note here is the wisdom of the local population so that local exploitation is not to cause damage to the environment. Fish in the lake there are a lot of this is a golden fish, Mujaer and Harper fish.
Mount Rinjani or Gunung Rinjani is an active volcano in Indonesia on the island of Lombok. It rises to 3,726 m (12,224 ft), making it the second highest volcano in Indonesia. The first historical eruption occurred in September of 1847. The most recent eruption of Mount Rinjani was on 1 October 2004. The volcano and spectacular Segara Anak crater lake, are protected by a national park established in 1997. The 6 km by 8.5 km oval-shaped caldera is filled partially by a lake known as Segara Anak (approximately 2000m above sea level and estimated at being between 200m and 300m deep); the caldera also contains hot springs. The eruptions of 1994, 1995, and 1996 have formed a small cone, Gunung Baru (or Mountain New - approximately 2300m above sea level) in the center of the caldera and lava flows from these eruptions have entered the lake.

The highlands are forest clad and mostly underdeveloped. The lowlands are highly cultivated. Rice, soybeans, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cinnamon, and vanilla are the major crops grown in the fertile soils of the island.

Tourism is also increasingly popular with trekkers able to visit the rim, make their way into the caldera or even to make the more arduous climb to the highest point; fatalities, however, are not uncommon.

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